The end of the Heian period had resulted in a remapped country , a new ruling class and the abandonment of an ideology which had, in a sense, predicted all along that danger would come to the centre from the “harmful” east.
There was no longer a centre, and thus, no longer anything for Michinoku to and a poetic lexicon of place-names soon developed.
Through this Buddhist aesthetic which defies material attachment, Saigyo’s representation of common folk contrasts greatly with whilst inferring no inferiority for their differences in style.
806 – 809) attempted a political coup against his brother Saga (r.
The Genpei Wars of 1186 – 1189 had destroyed Heian-kyo.
A provincial clan, the Taira, had taken control of the imperial line decades before, but were usurped by another, the Minamoto from the east.
It is a multi-authored expression of political dissatisfaction that utilizes the readership’s expectations of Michinoku in order to thwart them.
Reciting A poem composed on his quitting the military service of Emperor Sutoku (1119-1164) and taking the tonsure at the age of twenty-three reflects his disdain for a model of rulership which put power in the hands of retired emperors rather than the child emperors they placed upon the throne ( and a Buddhist monk distrustful of institutional integrity, Saigyo wrote of Michinoku in a manner which shows a refreshing change to earlier Heian centre/periphery ideologies.